Strategies to IELTS Academic Writing Module – TASK 1

Strategies to IELTS Academic Writing Module – TASK 1

The Academic Writing exam requires you to respond to two questions in one hour. The Writing Task 1 for 20 minutes and writing task 2 for 40 minutes. Task 1 is an integrated task with information provided through Picture, charts, table, graph, diagram and so on. Therefore, you should practice the basic pattern of Writing Task 1.

We shall look at the basics of Task 1, analyze sample questions, give tips to boost your score and equip your writing skills.

In IELTS writing task1, you have to summarize information which is usually presented in the Pie-chart, Table and so on.

Task 1: (20 minutes, 150 words)

Interpret a diagram or a table, and present the information in your own words.

  • Organize, present and possibly compare data.
  • Describe stages of a procedure or process.
  • Describe on object or event or series of events.
  • Explain how something works


Marking your performance in Task 1 will be assessed on the criteria below:

  • Task Achievement would be on being able to follow the instructions.
  • Should be able to write a clear, accurate and relevant description of the information.
  • Try to focus on the important trends presented as graphic information.
  • You should be able to organize your writing using a suitable structure coherently and cohesively
  • Using connective words or linking words to link sentences and paragraphs logically.
  • Lexical Resources to be used with a wide range of vocabulary.
  • Accuracy Using the appropriate grammatical structures accurately Using a variety of sentence structures


How to do Task 1

 Spend about 5 minutes reading the graphs or charts and start preparing your answer.  

  • Make sure you understand what the axis on the graphs or the percentages in the pie charts represent.
  • Make sure you follow the lines in a line graph correctly and do not confuse the individual lines if more than one is present.
  • Remember there will usually be too much information for you to describe every detail, so you will need to focus on the key information or significant trends. If there are two graphs or charts look for ways to compare the data. Focus on the time period represented and the tenses to be used. Think about varying your vocabulary and avoid repetition; instead use synonyms.
  • Make sure you organize your information clearly.


You will need an introductory statement, body paragraphs and a conclusion (summarize).

  • Your introduction should introduce the graphs by stating what it represents and give an overview to describe what the overall trend is.
  • Your body will need to describe the graphs in detail.
  • Your conclusion should include a brief summary of your report.  Do not copy phrases from the question as this will not be assessed instead use your own words?  
  • Do not include information that is not on the graph or in the chart. This may be considered irrelevant and cause you to get a lower mark.

Do not take more than 20 minutes over this task. Try to write neatly and check for errors. Spend a few minutes to read through what you have written.